In the early Church, public sinners belonged to an "order of penitents," who did public penance for their sins, often for years. Obedience:The submission to the authority of God which requires everyone to obey the divine law. Person, Divine:Hypostasis in Greek; the term used to describe the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in their real relation to and distinction from one another within the unity of the Blessed Trinity. U Christ calls the faithful to the perfection of holiness. Chastity is called one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. After the capture of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by the Romans, the second temple was destroyed and never rebuilt. In the Lord's Prayer "Thy Kingdom come" we pray for its final glorious appearance, when Christ will hand over the Kingdom to his Father. Dispensation:Exemption from a Church law in a particular case for a special reason. Synod:A meeting of bishops of an ecclesiastical province or patriarchate (or even from the whole world, e.g., Synod of Bishops) to discuss the doctrinal and pastoral needs of the church. 40 days after Easter Requiem:A Mass for the dead. N Holy Water:Blessed water, a sacramental whose sprinkling or use is a reminder of Baptism and a means of sanctification. Pride:One of the seven capital sins. In this sense it signifies the world which Jesus came to redeem from sin. Religion:A set of beliefs and practices followed by those committed to the service and worship of God. Despair:The abandonment of hope in salvation and the forgiveness of sins. Supernatural:Surpassing the power of created beings; a result of God's gracious initiative. "By his holy Cross he has redeemed the world". Trinity:The mystery of one God in three Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. "By his holy Cross he has redeemed the world". Sacrilege:Profanation of or irreverence toward persons, places, and things which are sacred, i.e., dedicated to God; sacrilege against the sacraments, especially the Eucharist, is a particularly grave offense against the first commandment. The Pope and bishops receive the pastoral office which they are to exercise with Christ the Good Shepherd as their model; they share their pastoral ministry with priests, to whom they give responsibility over a portion of the flock as pastors of parishes. Fortitude sometimes called strength, courage, or might is also one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. The pope exercises a primacy of authority as Vicar of Christ and shepherd of the whole Church; he receives the divine assistance promised by Christ to the Church when he defines infallibly a doctrine of faith or morals. Some examples are Daniel 3:52-90; Habakkuk 3:1-19; Luke 1:46-55; Luke 1:68-79; Philippians 2:6-11; and Colossians 1:15-20. Eparchy:A "particular Church", a community of the faithful in communion of faith and sacraments whose bishop has been ordained in apostolic succession. Venial sin is the failure to observe necessary moderation, in lesser matters of the moral law, or in grave matters acting without full knowledge or complete consent. Reliance on such power, rather than on trust in God, constitutes an offense against the honor due to God alone, as required by the first commandment. Testament:The name given to the two major parts of the Bible; a synonym for "covenant," as in Old and New Covenants. Pictures of these scenes can be found round the walls of most Catholic churches. Fasting is an ascetical practice recommended in Scripture and the writings of the Church Fathers; it is sometimes prescribed by a precept of the Church, especially during the liturgical season of Lent. For example, certain degrees of blood-relationship between partners, or where one partner is not baptized. See Pope. Easter is the "feast of feasts," the solemnity of solemnities, the "Great Sunday." June 24 A day on which special honor is paid to the Blessed Trinity. Pentecost:The "fiftieth" day at the end of the seven weeks following Passover, Easter in the Christian dispensation. In the early Church, public sinners belonged to an "order of penitents," who did public penance for their sins, often for years. D Liturgical:Describes Church practices such as hymns, prayers and services. Institute, Secular:A form of consecrated life in which the Christian faithful living in the world strive for the perfection of charity and work for the sanctification of the world especially from within. Jesus himself during his life on earth was tempted, put to the test, to manifest both the opposition between himself and the devil and the triumph of his saving work over Satan. In the "fall" of angels, Scripture and Church tradition see the emergence of Satan and the "devil"; the "fall" of these angelic spirits was due to their freely chosen rejection of God and His reign. In the New Testament the "world" is sometimes used to indicate the forces of opposition to the work of Jesus and of his Holy Spirit. Fasting:Refraining from food and drink as an expression of interior penance, in imitation of the fast of Jesus for forty days in the desert. Through his sacrificial offering he has become high priest and unique mediator who has gained for us access to God's saving grace for humanity. Cathedral:The official Church of the bishop of a diocese. F Pentateuch:The first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Profession of Faith:The synthesis (creed, "symbol of faith") of the faith which summarizes the faith professed by Christians. It moves a person at the appropriate moment to do good and to avoid evil. Profession:The taking of vows on joining a religious order. Purgatory:A state of final purification after death and before entrance into heaven for those who died in God's friendship, but were only imperfectly purified; a final cleansing of human imperfection before one is able to enter the joy of heaven. Ascension of the Lord Epiphany A diocesan synod is an assembly of priests and other members of Christ's faithful who assist the bishop by offering advice about the needs of the diocese and by proposing legislation for him to enact. Readers:Those who read the scripture passages during Mass. Paraclete:A name for the Holy Spirit. Mysticism:The process of being contemplative when you meditate and go within yourself to a quiet place where it is possible to experience God. Requiem:A Mass for the dead. "All that is" often called the "world" in Scripture owes its existence to God's act of creation; God's creation is called "good" in the Bible, and human beings are said to have been created "in his own image and likeness". Vocation:The calling or destiny we have in this life and hereafter. Temptation:An attraction, either from outside oneself or from within, to act contrary to right reason and the commandments of God. The revelation of his divine sonship is the principal dramatic development of the story of Jesus of Nazareth. New Covenant:The new "dispensation," order or Covenant, established by God in Jesus Christ, to succeed and perfect the Old Covenant. Mixed Missionaries:Christians who proclaim the Gospel to non-Christians in a foreign country. Sacrament:An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us through the work of the Holy Spirit. 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