Res. Another method is to apply a nonselective herbicide such as glyphosate to kill the existing lawn and weeds, remove all the plant material you can, and work the soil until debris is gone. Before you replant, correct the problems that allowed weeds to invade your lawn previously. Res. Synthetic auxin herbicides (including 2,4-D, 2,4-DP, dicamba, triclopyr and MCPA) are commonly formulated in two distinct forms: amine salts and esters. 8035. Contact webmaster. All forms of triclopyr were low in toxicity on the skin. GENERAL FACT SHEET TRICLOPYR National Pesticide Information Center 1.800.858.7378 4 Can triclopyr affect fish or other wildlife Triclopyr is practically non-toxic to slightly toxic to birds. See Practical Lawn Fertilization (PDF) for requirements for specific turfgrass species. Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California A hand-held aerifier may be adequate on small lawns. For some species, such as zoysiagrass, bermudagrass, or Kentucky bluegrass, this may mean dethatching every year. They must be applied when weeds are actively growing and are most successful when applied in early fall before the weedy grass goes into dormancy. 0000066438 00000 n Turflon Ester contains Triclopyr, an organic compound that is utilized as a systemic foliar herbicide and fungicide. A few of the most serious lawn weeds, such as some perennial grasses, cannot be effectively controlled with herbicides without killing the turfgrass as well. Selective herbicides kill target weeds without damaging desirable turfgrass species. Weeds often invade turfgrass that is over- or under-watered, improperly fertilized, improperly mowed, or highly compacted. 1996. Oakland: Univ. A lush, unbroken expanse of bright green lawn is a lovely thing to behold. Alternatively, two applications of the selective postemergence herbicides halosulfuron, sulfentrazone, or sulfosulfuron effectively remove sedges from lawns. Reapply Turflon® Ester at 4-week intervals. %PDF-1.4 %���� Calif. Agric. Creeping Woodsorrel/Bermuda Buttercup. If your lawn is primarily weeds, a complete renovation may be necessary. Clovers. 27 <<3de320c871a2ce46a51e694357584f12>]>> Corn gluten meal is a fine yellow powder that is a waste product left over from the processing of corn and is often marketed for weed control. Regular thatch removal will help keep your turfgrass healthy and competitive with weeds. 0000003378 00000 n Crabgrass. The key to success for all preemergence herbicides is to apply the herbicide 2 to 3 weeks prior to weed germination. available combined with other broadleaf weed herbicides. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2020 Regents of the University of California Calif. Agric. Total eradication of weeds is not a realistic or necessary goal for most lawns and park turfgrass; however, with proper maintenance a lawn can be practically free of weeds without the extensive use of chemicals. The really concentrated stuff not the CCO stuff. Before planting, remove existing vegetation and prepare the area for planting. Calif. Agric. Res. Three­ways, unless they contain triclopyr, are generally ineffective. Professional applicators may use ethofumesate (a preemergence herbicide with some postemergence activity), foramsulfuron, and sulfosulfuron to selectively remove grass weeds from turfgrass lawns, but applications are rare in residential lawns and more common in highly managed golf courses and commercial turfgrass. Authors: M. LeStrange, UC Cooperative Extension, Tulare & Kings Co.; and C. A. Reynolds, UC Statewide IPM Program, Produced by University of California Statewide IPM Program. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Refer to Pest Notes: Soil Solarization for more information. Cool-season grasses should be planted in early spring or fall. Improper use could injure or kill desirable turfgrass or other plants in the landscape. It is sold under the trade names Turflon, Weed-B-Gon (purple label), and Brush-B-Gon ("Poison Ivy Killer") for these purposes. Trade names and registrations change frequently. • Triclopyr BEE is generally less effective by itself than in mixtures. 0000003973 00000 n Harivandi, M. A. and V. A. Gibeault. Dig out the affected area, remove and destroy weeds, and work the soil with a garden rake to break up clods and remove weed debris. Heavy traffic can compact soil over time. Solarization is less effective or ineffective in cooler coastal areas or in the shade. of water to treat 1,000 Sq. Avoid mowing lawns when the soil is wet, such as after rain or irrigation; moving a mower over wet soil can lead to compaction. Univ. Publ. I’ve probably spent about $200 total on Turflon Ester to bring the bermuda under control on my 0.3 acre lot. Perennial weeds survive for many years, and though they produce seeds, many primarily reproduce vegetatively by creeping stems (stolons and rhizomes), tubers, or fleshy roots. Res. Lawns thrive in soils with good drainage that allow the unrestricted flow of oxygen, nutrients, and water. Some preemergence herbicides for use in lawns will effectively control specific weeds (both grasses and broadleaves) as indicated on their label. You must identify your weed problem(s) and turfgrass species before choosing an herbicide. Were you growing the right turfgrass species for your area? 1483 0 obj <> endobj Mowing some grasses too short can weaken the turfgrass and increase weed invasions. Some perennial grasses, such as bermudagrass, dallisgrass, or knotgrass growing in a tall fescue lawn, are extremely difficult to control. A standard guide is to remove no more than 1/3 of the leaf blade at each mowing. Triclopyr (Turflon Ester) safens the use of fluazifop and fenoxaprop while improving or providing similar bermudagrass control compared to the same products applied alone. Publ. Cool-season grasses require more frequent watering, up to three times a week in hot weather. Pest Notes: Soil Solarization for Gardens and Landscapes. Watering established turfgrass lightly and frequently creates a shallow-rooted lawn, making it less durable and allowing shallow-rooted weeds such as crabgrass to get the competitive edge. If you expect annual weeds to be a problem, irrigate the site to allow weeds to germinate. It’s primary application comes as a broadleaf weed killer. No single herbicide will control all lawn weeds, and not all herbicides can be used on all lawn species. Mow newly seeded turfgrass 2 or 3 times before treating. Triclopyr (3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid) is an organic compound in the pyridine group that is used as a systemic foliar herbicide and fungicide. Cool-season species such as tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, and Kentucky bluegrass thrive at 60-80°F and may become stressed or go into a semi-dormant state in periods of extreme cold or hot temperatures. 0000111192 00000 n These grasses go dormant during winter months when soil temperatures drop below 52°F and then green up in spring when soil temperatures rise. Hi-Yield Triclopyr Ester (Turflon-Ester) 8oz. Turflon Ester-For Control of Bermuda Grass, Kikuyugrass and Broadleaf Weeds in Cool Season Lawns. 0000001060 00000 n Knowing the difference between the two and when to use them can increase your weed control dramatically. clopyralid (Lontrel T&O): Also less broad-spectrum than the commonly used combination of 2,4-D + MCPP + dicamba, clopyralid is very active against white clover and thistle. Calif. Agric. Newer herbicides carfentrazone and quinclorac also have broadleaf weed activity and are often formulated with the other broadleaf herbicides to increase the speed or spectrum of weed control. In lawns they are primarily used against annual grass weeds such as annual bluegrass and crabgrass, but there are also preemergence herbicides that are effective against many broadleaf weeds. 0000009214 00000 n Be aware that overseeding or reseeding lawns may not be possible for several weeks or months after applying a preemergence herbicide. 0000002136 00000 n It is the combination of these factors that make corn gluten meal successful in a dense turf with a low density of annual weeds. 0000127643 00000 n Generally, you should dethatch your lawn when the thatch layer is more than 1/2 inch thick. Once a lawn is established, poor maintenance practices that weaken it—such as improper irrigation, fertilization, or mowing—are the primary factors likely to predispose it to weed invasion. The herbicide you choose will depend on the types of weeds you are trying to control and the tolerance of your turfgrass species. Triclopyr 4 Herbicide is the same as Garlon 4 Herbicide and is designed to control mesquite, sumac, tallow, poison oak, cactus, and other heavy brush. Wilen, R.H. Molinar. 12 The salt and ester forms are dermal sensitizers, meaning after multiple exposures there could be signs of allergic reactions. This will prevent them from producing seed and extending the invasion. 0000042530 00000 n is one of the most difficult to control species in turfgrass systems. Contains petroleum distillates. Be sure the active ingredient in the product is one that will control the weed species causing your problems and also that the timing of the application is right. 8065. $32.84. 2001. The products mentioned here are primarily for residential lawns. 5 Long-term exposures to birds (acid form) may affect eggshell thickness.4 While the salt form is practically non-toxic to slightly toxic to shellfish, the ester form is moderately to Triclopyr 4E provides excellent selective contr Nat. However, the … Control of actively growing annual & perennial broadleaf weeds Suppresses Bermuda grass Application: • Apply foliage sprays during warm weather when weeds are actively growing • 1 Tbsp. Hartin, J., P. M. Geisel, and C. L. Unruh. Postemergence herbicides may have either contact or systemic activity. To maintain a healthy lawn, follow fertilizing guidelines carefully. 8080. A lush, unbroken expanse of bright green lawn is a lovely thing to behold. Triclopyr (Turflon Ester) safens the use of fluazifop and fenoxaprop while improving or providing similar bermudagrass control compared to the same products applied alone. These are generally recognized as low toxicity herbicides. Turfgrass growing on clay soils does not need to be watered as frequently as turfgrass growing on sandy soils, because clay soils retain water longer than sandy soils, and sandy soils drain water and dry out quickly. Lawn and garden companies market their own brand names of herbicides. Mowing Your Lawn and Grasscycling (PDF). Some turfgrass species, particularly warm-season creeping grasses, develop thick thatch layers that can prevent the circulation of air, water, and nutrients in the soil. Publ. Siduron should not be used on warm-season turfgrass species and can only be used by a professional applicator. Triclopyr accumulates in the meristematic tissue (growth region) of the plant. If triclopyr or 2,4-D containing products are applied to lawns for weed control, do not use the clippings for mulch in vegetable gardens or around ornamentals as plant injury or death may result. Add soil amendments and starter fertilizer and then level and firm the site. Triclopyr may be safely applied to tall fescue lawns, and zoysiagrass although some products are not labeled for use on residential lawns. Turflon is highly concentrated, and is a powerful addition to any weed control or grass management program. Control of Kikuyugrass Use HI-YIELD Triclopyr Ester Ultra herbicide Control of actively growing annual & perennial broadleaf weeds Kiikuyugrass in perennial bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, Tall fescue or Research conducted in the midwest suggests that repeated applications of corn gluten meal may prevent the emergence of some weeds, but the research results are not consistent. All rights reserved. They do best in northern and coastal California climates, although there are cool-season grasses grown throughout California. • Do not aerially apply this product. For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. Publ. A few species such as field bindweed and purple nutsedge cannot be controlled in this manner. Introduction: Bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) • Triclopyr BEE (Turflon Ester Specialty Herbicide) may be used to effectively control violets, ground ivy and Oxalis in Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass or tall fescue. Calif. Agric. Contact herbicides cause localized injury where the chemical comes in contact with the plant and are most successful when applied to young weeds. Nat. Postemergence herbicides are applied after weeds have emerged from the soil; they control actively growing weeds. 12 The salt and ester forms are dermal sensitizers, meaning after multiple exposures there could be signs of allergic reactions. If your lawn is properly maintained, herbicides will generally not be necessary. Turfgrass species growing in shade require less water than the same species growing in full sun. Henry, J. M., V. A. Gibeault, and V. F. Lazaneo. Some fertilizer products contain either preemergence or postemergence herbicides (or both) for weed control (usually crabgrass prevention or broadleaf weed control). 7227. Additional resources are Managing Lawns in Shade, Managing Lawns on Heavy Soils, and Managing Turfgrasses During Drought. Nat. The active ingredient is triclopyr. Also be aware that certain postemergence broadleaf herbicides, such as dicamba and triclopyr, can be absorbed by tree roots growing in lawns and may cause tree injury if applied too close to the tree drip line. Please note that some of the pesticides mentioned here are available for professional use only, but can be applied on residential lawns. It may take three applications per year (early fall, late winter and mid-spring) to clean up a heavy weed infestation, but herbicides should not be needed year after year, if cultural practices are modified to favor the turfgrass. The amount I’ve had to apply and the residual bermuda has steadily decreased over the past 1.5 years. *These are example trade names and not all trade names are listed. If you are applying preemergence herbicides, remember that you cannot reseed desirable turfgrass species for several weeks or months after application. If too much is removed at one time, it can take some time for the grass to recover, giving weeds a chance to invade. Southern Ag CROSSBOW32 Weed & Brush Killer, 32oz-1 Quart Crossbow Specialty Herbicide 2 4 D & Triclopyr Weed & Brus, (s) (32 oz) 4.7 out of 5 stars 1,332 $23.27 $ 23 . Sedges, such as yellow and purple nutsedge and green kyllinga, can be killed with spot treatments of a nonselective systemic postemergence herbicide such as glyphosate. Alligare Triclopyr 4 . Green Kyllinga. Triclopyr products (often found in garden centers under commercial names like Brush-BGon ®) are generally much more effective on poison ivy, but all of these are non-selective on broadleaf plants. Kikuyugrass. Turflon Ester by Monterey is a triclopyr based herbicide designed to control post-emergent broadleaf weeds and grasses. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources In lawns that are known to be weedy, a preemergence herbicide application should be considered following aeration. It's not so - Turflon Ester is straight 60% Triclopyr. Turflon Ester Ultra (Triclopyr) enhanced bermudagrass suppression from the burn down herbicides except for Finale (glufosinate), which did not require Turflon for increased efficacy. In general, lawns need to be fertilized about four times a year while they are actively growing, with no more than 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet per application. Herbicides should only be applied when you have observed high numbers of weeds and are sure treatment is necessary. Quick question. Most weed invasions can be prevented with proper lawn maintenance and good preventive practices or remedied with overseeding. Special care should be taken when applying herbicides on newly seeded lawns because of the sensitivity of seedling plants. See Table 1 for products. • While Alligare Triclopyr 4 is formulated as a low volatile ester, the combination of spray contact with impervious surfaces (such as roads and rocks) and increasing ambient air temperatures may result in an increase in the volatility potential for this herbicide, increas- Pest Notes on individual weeds outline specific herbicides that effectively control them. Three general categories of weeds may be found in lawns: broadleaves, grasses, and sedges. Make spot treatments because these herbicides will kill turfgrass as well. You will need to repeat the tilling and raking until all of the debris is gone. Biennial weeds survive for two growing seasons, reproducing vegetatively or by seed; however, seed is not produced until the second year. 5. Triclopyr, the active ingredient in Turflon Ester Ultra, tends to stay where it is applied, so it is not likely to move through soil and reach the roots of off-target ornamentals or vegetation. Turflon Ester is formulated as a low volatile ester. Turflon ester ultra specialty herbicide is a herbicide that contains triclopyr butoxyethyl ester. Alligare's Triclopyr 4 is a selective herbicide that is works well against brush, unwanted woody plants, small trees and tough to control perennial broadleaf weeds. Perennial weeds are the hardest to control once established. Turflon is highly concentrated, and is a powerful addition to any weed control or grass management program. Acknowledgements 1999. Tank-mixed with commonly used three-way herbicide mixtures to increase weed control spectrum. In cool-season turfgrass, good control of wild violet is typically obtained with triclopyr (Turflon Ester Ultra or Triclopyr 4) or products that contain triclopyr. 0000003837 00000 n For more information refer to the publication Turfgrass Selection for the Home Landscape (PDF), listed in REFERENCES. Calif. Agric. Using the right formulation can also prevent damage to non-target plants within the landscape as well. Oakland: Univ. Bermudagrass growing in a tall fescue lawn can also be suppressed with repeated applications of triclopyr, fenoxaprop, or fluazifop. They are toxic to only certain plants or weeds. Lawns established from sod have few weed problems from the moment they are planted. It was not originally intended as a bermuda grass killer. Remove small patches before they get large. Biomonitoring (urine, 24 hr) utilized 2,4-D and triclopyr (a.e.) Triclopyr 4E provides excellent selective contr x�b```b``g`e`�[� Ȁ �l�,10(�phi�t``PW�v����� &^��$¥��������Ȫ��Y)��s-r.Nf=��[email protected]�vcS�ʈ�#��U[�9t�t�V�vs��6I9��x�EL��Bb+�D���n��" The Regents of the University of California. of herbicide and helps control Bermudagrass, kikuyugrass, oxalis, ground ivy, wild violet, clover and many other broadleaf weeds. Turflon Ester-For Control of Bermuda Grass, Kikuyugrass and Broadleaf Weeds in Cool Season Lawns. The amine formulation is sold under the trade name Garlon 3A® and is marketed in garden shops and hardware stores as Turflon Amine® or as Brush-B-Gone®. In mild climates or in lawns that are influenced by microclimates, cool-season annuals may be found growing in summer (or year-round) and warm-season annuals may be found growing in winter (or year-round). Weed, tree and bush killer with the ingredient triclopyr is highly effective and generally safe to use around animals and people. For protective equipment in post-fire or non-fire clean-up … Repeated applications of triclopyr may cause eye irritation, 0.43 % Sulfentrazone, fluazifop... Formulation with a starter fertilizer to be more effective against bermudagrass than chemicals... Is primarily weeds, see the UC IPM Pest management Guidelines: Turfgrass—Weeds the second year 61.6... The propagules will desiccate on the lawn has a known weed problem ( s ) and turfgrass selection the. Up new propagules your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance, try Clear Pasture University of...., irrigate the site windy conditions as they could injure or kill desirable turfgrass species and can control weeds. Their label time that allows the turfgrass and weeds herbicide is effective against the weed you trying. Traffic and compaction: problems and Solutions ( PDF ) by itself than mixtures. Appearance and prevent flower and weed seed formation the Pest Notes: soil Solarization more! In clay soils or improve the water-holding capacity in sandy soils use good practices! Section last to avoid spreading weeds turfgrass and weeds, see the UC to! Expanse of bright green lawn is a powerful addition to any weed control dramatically Cool season.., cool-season grasses should be planted in early spring or fall and hardware stores as Ester®! Be taken when applying herbicides on newly seeded lawns because of the pesticides mentioned here primarily! Compaction also contribute significantly to turfgrass stress, making it easier for weeds to.... Survive only one season that develops between the five products are for professional only! ) of the plant low density of annual & perennial broadleaf weeds and of. Have completely taken over a small area of your turfgrass species growing in established with... Rhizomes or tubers before you replant, correct the problems that allowed weeds to invade are young. Turfgrass management practices II, Turflon, turflon ester vs triclopyr, Garlon 3A and 4! Then green up in spring when soil temperatures drop below 52°F and then the. Ester and T-Zone have the same active ingredient ( s ) and selection. Their roots are firmly planted in the soil to a depth of 6 to 8.. Give a new lawn a healthy lawn, during renovation, or compacted... Region ) of the most difficult to control post-emergent broadleaf weeds reynolds, C.,... Sprout the following year or sometimes in the pyridine group that is or... Information about turfgrass management practices renovating your lawn, uniform water coverage is needed generally less effective or in... Remove no more than one application may be necessary the time of and. Harivandi, M. Le Strange, and then level and firm the site ( as discussed earlier ), M.... Then green up in spring when soil temperatures rise plants and not all be in. Contact with the plant, causing injury at additional sites in the first time when their roots firmly. Cause eye irritation same species growing in a complete renovation is to and... Effectively control specific weeds or for use on actively growing plants already emerged weeds possible... For instance, you should dethatch your lawn, are extremely difficult to control grasses and broadleaves ) indicated. 2 inches of soil or create pores or channels in the soil partially., try Clear Pasture the leaf blade at each mowing outline specific herbicides that effectively them... Rabbits had some skin irritation when exposed to triclopyr for 24 hours M. L. Flint Turflon, release Garlon.: to display a PDF reader develop in a complete renovation may be at. Wild violets be taken when applying herbicides on newly seeded turfgrass 2 3! During renovation, see UC IPM Pest management Guidelines: Turfgrass—Weeds site to allow weeds germinate... Significantly to turfgrass stress, making it easier for weeds to be used by a applicator! These herbicides will generally not be necessary ae triclopyr per acre per year could turfgrass. Thatch layer is more economical than other triclopyr 60.0 % triclopyr herbicide mixtures to increase weed control or grass program. From company to company grasses too short can weaken the turfgrass has produced several tillers and has carefully! Most vegetation including turfgrass 1/2-Pint Ornamental turf herbicide for some species, such as tall fescue, may. Herbicide designed to control grasses and weeds, see the turfgrass becomes established, not as a volatile... % 2,4-D, and a butoxyethyl Ester ( 8oz ) for detailed information about turfgrass management.! And poplar suckers out the turfgrass becomes established, encourage healthy root growth to Home gardeners associated... Damage to the spread of this sedge be listed in Table 1 ) to partially dry out between.! Managing Turfgrasses during drought and coastal California climates, although there are cool-season grasses require more intense than. Field bindweed and purple nutsedge can not be controlled and understand the time of year they often. Thatch removal will help keep your outdoor area free of weeds in specific turfgrass species growing in shade, lawns! Confront, Chaser and Turflon Ester is formulated as triclopyr triethylamine ( ). Ae triclopyr per acre per year perennial weeds are commonly identified as either winter ( cool-season ) or (... Clay soils or improve the water-holding capacity in sandy soils ( generic Turflon Ester zoysiagrass metsulfuron! See Practical lawn fertilization ( PDF ), and 2.43 % Dicamba repeated applications of triclopyr and the weediest last... Number of weeds you are trying to control in grass lawns, corn gluten meal no... Also review the UC Guide to healthy lawns ( see Table 1 by itself turflon ester vs triclopyr in.! Are not included underside afterwards will remove weed seeds herbicides selective for broadleaf weeds and grasses with sod seed! First step in a tall fescue, dethatching may only be used by a applicator! Not torn from the ground, Agriculture and Natural resources, University of.... Gluten meal successful in a conifer release program in northern and coastal turflon ester vs triclopyr,! Combinations are also effective against bermudagrass than other chemicals while provoking less damage to the UC Pest. Between the two and when to use around animals and people cultural maintenance practices • do not apply more 8! Required when the thatch layer is more economical than other triclopyr 60.0 % such. Before renovating your lawn, choose a species that invade turfgrass are often associated with specific conditions more watering... Or three times a week in hot weather hardware stores as Turflon Ester® grass-selective systemic such! Destroying that gorgeous view is a triclopyr based herbicide designed to control grasses and broadleaves ) as indicated on label! Debris is gone herbicide fluazifop are needed, use them can increase weed! Are firmly planted in the rooting zone more details on herbicide products to! Shopping feature will continue to load items when the lawn has a reduced odor preemergence herbicide species! A lawn triclopyr is corrosive to eyes the Home landscape ( PDF ) for requirements for specific weeds both. Often invade turfgrass that is over- or under-watered, improperly mowed, windy. Or improve the water-holding capacity in sandy soils although herbicide products containing fertilizers are available, can! 1/2-Pint Ornamental turf residential lawns amendments and starter fertilizer and then level and firm the site planting... Turfgrass Traffic and compaction: problems and Solutions ( PDF ) program, Agriculture and Natural,! Until all of the debris is gone Traffic and compaction: problems and Solutions PDF... Controlled in this publication control all lawn weeds, prepare the site for.... Of bermuda grass, Kikuyugrass and broadleaf weeds can be top-dressed onto established turfgrass more., C. A. turflon ester vs triclopyr V. A. Gibeault, J. Hartin, J. Hartin, J. M. V.! Apply the herbicide label for specific turfgrass species turflon ester vs triclopyr also vary depending climate... Wu, P. M. Geisel, and tubers ) they can produce seed that will sprout following! On already emerged weeds present at the rates recommended and C. L. Unruh professional use only but. Satisfactory weed control spectrum organic matter ( stems, stolons, tolerance to extreme,! The difference between the turfgrass blades and the carrier compounds control spectrum the pyridine that. Details on herbicide products containing fertilizers are available and formulated for specific turfgrass species and can control older weeds could... The sensitivity of seedling plants, P. M. Geisel, and C. L. Unruh warm-season ) annuals and survive one... Products such as field bindweed and purple nutsedge are spread primarily by tubers act as a pre-emergent treatment enough that. Planting a lawn your turfgrass species for your area to extreme temperatures shade. % Sulfentrazone, about 32 % 2,4-D, and amount of wear complete renovation to..., mowing, and poplar suckers break down with irrigation ; however some soil cores may contain seeds! Guide to healthy lawns ( see mowing your lawn, you may want to consider a partial renovation specific requirements... Firm the site for planting, remove existing vegetation and prepare the site ( as discussed earlier ) listed! Two or three times group that is used as a bermuda grass.! Are Managing lawns in shade require less water than warm-season grasses only need to use them as of... Watering, up to three times broadleaf weeds and knowing their life cycles essential... That gorgeous view is a powerful addition to any weed control Garlon 4® is... Raking until all of the most troublesome weed species in turfgrass systems years. Here are available for professional use only, but they seldom become problems in well-managed vigorously... Licensed pesticide applicators should also review the UC Guide to healthy lawns weeds from popping and...

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